• 中文 (中国)
  • English

What is a coronary angioplasty?

Coronary angioplasty, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is a medical procedure used to treat blockages in the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle. The procedure involves using a catheter to insert a tiny balloon into the blocked artery, which is then inflated to compress the blockage and improve blood flow.

The procedure is typically performed in a cardiac catheterization laboratory, under local anesthesia and sedation. The patient is awake but feels no pain during the procedure, which takes around one to two hours to complete. The catheter is inserted into a blood vessel in the groin or arm, and guided up to the blocked artery using X-ray imaging.

Once the catheter reaches the blocked artery, a tiny balloon is inflated to compress the blockage and open up the artery. This is called balloon angioplasty. Sometimes, a tiny mesh tube called a stent is also inserted into the artery to keep it open. This is called stenting.

The procedure is generally safe and effective, and has a high success rate in relieving symptoms of coronary artery disease such as chest pain (angina) and shortness of breath. However, like all medical procedures, it does carry some risks. The most common risks include bleeding or bruising at the catheter insertion site, kidney damage from the contrast dye used during the procedure, and an allergic reaction to the contrast dye.

There is also a small risk of more serious complications, such as a heart attack, stroke, or damage to the artery or heart muscle. However, these risks are rare, and the benefits of the procedure usually outweigh the risks for most patients.

Coronary angioplasty is often used to treat patients with stable angina, which is chest pain or discomfort that occurs during physical activity or stress, and is relieved by rest. The procedure may also be used to treat patients with unstable angina, which is chest pain or discomfort that occurs at rest or with minimal exertion, or patients with a heart attack.

Coronary angioplasty can improve blood flow to the heart, relieve symptoms of angina, and reduce the risk of future heart attacks or other complications of coronary artery disease. However, the procedure is not a cure for coronary artery disease, and patients will still need to make lifestyle changes and take medications to manage their condition.

Patients who undergo coronary angioplasty will usually stay in the hospital for a day or two after the procedure to be monitored for any complications. They may also need to take blood-thinning medications such as aspirin or clopidogrel for several months after the procedure to prevent blood clots from forming in the stent.

In conclusion, coronary angioplasty is a medical procedure used to treat blockages in the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. The procedure involves using a catheter to insert a tiny balloon into the blocked artery, which is then inflated to compress the blockage and improve blood flow. The procedure is generally safe and effective, and has a high success rate in relieving symptoms of coronary artery disease. However, it does carry some risks, and patients will still need to make lifestyle changes and take medications to manage their condition.

ONLINE

CICI

Ivy

Paul

Peter

Peter